Main economic activity under taken in the Distict is agriculture which employs over 90 of the population and provideds 90% of the income to people
- Major food crops are maize, beans, banana, cassava, sweet potatoes and yams. Maize is main staple food.
- Cash Crops include Tea, (Mostly grown by larger farmers), Sisal (under estates) Cashew nuts, citrus, coconuts.
Sisal and Tea farming is done by larger farmers while other is done by small holder farmers. Other economic activities undertaken are livestoke keeping which include dairy cattle and fishing. These activities contribute to people‘s earnings. The District per capital income is Tsh. 1,026,000 while that of the region is 1,100,000 There is uneven distribution of income among the population.